Spanish Study Card

Basic to Intermediate

In this section, you will find easy-to-understand explanations of each grammar table to help you get the most out of your Spanish Study Card.

You will find explanations of the layout, the content, and the grammar points with examples.

If you come across an English grammar term you are not familiar with, check the Glossary on this website by clicking here.

Remember that you can use your Spanish Study Card with any textbook you may be using.

The Spanish card displays 38 independent tables with the most important grammar elements. 






LOS PRONOMBRES PERSONALES DE SUJETO (Subject Personal Pronouns) determine the three main colours used in the card.


The three main colours used in the grammar charts are yellow, purple and green.

As you can see, the table has also two shades, light and dark. The light column shows you the persons in the singular, and the dark column shows you the persons in the plural form.

Always think of the Subject Personal Pronouns as the persons who do the action. In English, they are the words I, you, he, she, it, we, you, and they.


They are divided into first, second and third persons, in singular and plural.


Think of the persons in terms of priority. The first person is the most important to you. This pronoun includes you on your own, I, or with someone else, we. These are represented in light and dark yellow.

The second level of priority is the person you are talking to, you, in singular or in the plural. These persons are represented in light and dark purple. 


The third most important person is whoever is not in the room. he, she, it, they. These persons are represented in light and dark green.

Singular Pronouns

1st person: Iyo

2nd person: you

3rd persons: he, she and it él/ella


Plural Pronouns

1st person: we nosotros, nosotras

2nd person: you vosotros, vosotras

3rd person: they ellos, ellas

*2nd person singular: you (formal) usted

*2nd person plural: you (formal)– ustedes


*2nd person singular : youusted

Usted means you in English, but it’s the formal way to address someone. It’s in the group of green colours because it’s conjugated like the third person él and ella.


*2nd person plural: you ustedes

Ustedes means you (plural) in English. Ustedes is the formal way of vosotros, vosotras. It’s in the group of green dark colours because it’s conjugated like the third person plural ellos and ellas.


In Latin America, ustedes is the only form of you in the plural. Vosotros and vosotras isn’t used.


  • Spanish has masculine and feminine pronouns.


In English, when you talk about a group of women or men, you use the word they. In Spanish, you need to use a specific word depending on the gender being referred to.


Get familiar with the colour pattern to easily identify the word or ending you need according to the person you’re using.

With your card in hand, go through this section to find the explanations on the content of your Spanish Study Card. Or you can also skip to the name of the table you wish to expand your information on.

The section below is intended to be a general explanation of grammar created for you to understand the layout of your card, in order to take full advantage of it. By no means should this section be considered a course on its own. 

  • There are four Artículos Definidos (Definite Articles) in Spanish. In English, there is only one, the word the.

  • The has to agree with the number and gender of the noun it precedes. This means that if the noun is masculine singular, you need to use a masculine singular article.

  •  In Spanish, there are masculine and feminine objects. So make sure you know the gender of the word.

  • el is used with masculine singular nouns.


el libro – the book

  • la is used with feminine singular nouns.


la casa – the house

  • los is used with masculine nouns in the plural form.


los libros – the books

  • las is used with feminine nouns in the plural form.


las casas – the houses

  • Los Artículos Indefinidos (Indefinite Articles) are the equivalent of a/an in English.

  • In Spanish, they have a masculine and feminine form in singular and plural. The plural form means some.

  • Just like the Artículos Definidos, they need to agree in gender and number with the noun they modify.

  • un is used with masculine singular nouns.


un libro – a book

  • una is used with feminine singular nouns.


una casa – a house

  • unos is used with plural masculine nouns.


unos libros, – some books

  • unas is used with plural feminine nouns.


unas casas – some houses

  •  LOS PRONOMBRES PERSONALES DE SUJETO (Subject Pronouns) are the persons who do the action or the persons being described.


 Yo soy irlandesa. I’m Irish.

Él es muy amable. He’s very kind.

Ella vive en Canada. She lives in Canada.

Nosotros tenemos dos hijos. We have two kids.

  •  In Spanish, it is common to omit the Personal Pronoun:


 Soy irlandesa. I’m Irish.

Es muy amable. He’s very kind.

Vive en Canada. She lives in Canada.

Tenemos dos hijos. We have two kids.

This is a very important verb which you will be using all the time.

  • Ser literally means to be. The conjugated forms are: am, is, are.

  • There is another verb, estar, which also means to be. 

  • Ser is used when you want to express unchanging identity traits, such as your physical description, personality, and character, your nationality, race, gender and profession.


(Yo) soy alta. I’m tall.

(Ellos) son franceses. They are French.

(Vosotros) sois muy inteligentes. You are very intelligent. 

Carlos es abogado. Carlos is a lawyer.

  • It’s also used in date and time.


La fiesta es el sábado.  The party is on Saturday.

El concierto es a las 8:00 de la noche. The concert is at 8:00 pm.

  • It’s used to express possession.


El coche negro es mío. The black car is mine.

Los calcetines con rayas rojas son de Tomás. The socks with red stripes are Thomas.

  • This expression literally means there is and there are.


Hay una piscina. There is a pool.

Hay un castillo. There is a castle.

Hay unos libros sobe la mesa. There are some books on the table. 


  • This is a great expression to practise los Artculos Indefinidos un, una, unos and  unas.

  • The negative form is: No, hay.


No hay un banco en esta calle. There isn’t a bank on this street.

This table displays the pronouns you need to use to express likes and dislikes. They are represented in the same colour coded system as the Subject Personal Pronouns.

  • To say I like in English, you need to use the pronouns given on the table.


Me encanta la música. I love music. 


  • If the noun you are using is in the plural, add an –n to the verb.


Me encantan los deportes. I love sports.


  • If you want to add the name of the person, add a before the name.


A Gabriel no le gusta la carne. Gabriel doesn’t like meat.


  • If you want to emphasize the person in the sentence, you add a and the pronoun, a él, a ella, etc. For I and you, you add a mi and a ti respectively. A yo, or a tú is incorrect.


A  no me gusta la cebolla. I don’t like onions.

A ti te encanta la lectura. You love reading.


  • If you want to emphasize the person in the sentence (he, she, we, you and they), you use the subject personal pronouns.


A él le encantan las motocicletas. He loves motorcycles.

A vosotras os interesa la gastronomía mexicana. You (plural) are interested in Mexican gastronomy.

This table displays the Possessive Adjectives in the singular and plural forms.

  • You use posesivos when you want to show to whom or to what something belongs.

  • They need to agree with the noun that is possessed, in gender and number.

  • The feminine and masculine possessives are the same except for nuestro and vuestro. For these, you change the vowel –o for –a. 


Nuestra, vuestra.


  • To form the plural, you add an –s to all the possessives. 

Nuestros, nuestras, vuestros, vuestras.

  • The colours in the Posesivos table will help you identify the word needed for a specific person (first, second, third; singular or plural).

  • Remember that the light colours indicate the singular persons and the dark ones the plural persons.


mi padre – my father

mi madre – my mother

mis amigosmy friends

vuestras amigas – your friends

nuestros hermanos – our brothers

This table displays the Possessive Pronouns in the masculine form. The letters in brackets, indicate the letters you need to add to form the plurals in the masculine and feminine form.

  • You should get used to the endings:

o for masculine singular

os for masculine plural

a for feminine singular

as for feminine plural

  • They are the words used to indicate to whom or to what something belongs.

  • The Possessive needs to agree with the noun that is possessed, in gender and number.

  • The difference between Possessives 1 and 2 is that a noun does not follow these words. It may be implicit, or it has been used before.

  • In English, they are similar to the words: mine, yours, his, hers, etc.

  • The colours in the Posesivos table will help you identify the word needed for a specific person (first, second, third; singular or plural). Remember that the light colours indicate the singular persons and the dark ones the plural persons.


Es el gato de Claudio; es suyoIt’s Claudio’s cat; it’s his.

Esta revista no es mía. This magazine is not mine. 

Los papeles con tinta negra son vuestros. The papers with blue ink are yours.

This table displays 36 common Adjectives. They are given in the singular masculine form.

  • Adjectives in Spanish have a masculine and feminine form, singular and plural. As a general rule, masculine adjectives end in -o, and feminine adjectives end in –a. To form the plural, an –s is added.


El pueblo (masculine) es pequeño. The town is small.

Los pueblos (m) son pequeños. The towns are small.

La casa (feminine) es pequeña. The house is small.

Las casas (f) son pequeñas. The houses are small.

  • Some adjectives end in –e. These adjectives are both the same for masculine and feminine. 


La manzana es verdeThe apple is green.

El césped es verde. The book is green.

  • To form the plural, add an –to the masculine or feminine adjective.


Este documento es muy importanteThis document is very important.

La comida es excelenteThe food is excellent. 

Estos zapatos están enormesThese shoes are huge.

  • If the adjective ends in a consonant, (except for –án, -ón,or and –ín) it’s the same form for masculine and feminine nouns. To form the plural, add –es.


La profesora es jovenThe teacher is young.

El profesor es jovenThe teacher is young.

Los profesores son jóvenesThe teachers are young. 

Las bolsas son azules. The bags are blue.


This table in your card shows the six Reflexive Pronouns, with the colour coded system.

  • Reflexive pronouns are used when an action is performed and received by the subject.

  • The meaning in English is:

me – myself

te – yourself

se – himself

se – herself

nos – ourselves

os – yourselves (plural informal),

se – themselves, yourselves (plural formal)

  • The use of reflexive pronouns with verbs is more common in Spanish than in English.

  • You can identify a reflexive verb by the reflexive pronouns –se, which goes after the infinitive: dormirse.

  • To conjugate the verb, you add the Pronombre Reflexivo before the verb.
  • Remove –se and conjugate the verb according to the person.


ducharse – to wash/shower

reflexive pronoun + duchar + ending

(Yo) me ducho. I shower. (myself)

levantarse – to get up

Los sábados nos levantamos temprano. We get up early on Saturdays.


  • Notice that some boxes are coloured. This means that those verbs have an irregular vowel change. Look at the bottom U table in your card with the same colour pattern to check which vowels change on those verbs.


This means, there’s a vowel change in divertirse. The e changes to ie in all the persons, except in nosotros y vosotros.



Ellos se divierten. They have fun.

Nosotros también nos divertimos. We also have fun.

The centre pages have plenty of information on verbs. To take full advantage of the Spanish Study Card, it’s important to understand the layout and colour-coded system.

  • The main topic on this page is the Present Tense. This page has an upper and lower U table. The upper section contains 19 VERBOS en PRESENTE REGULAR.

  • The lower U table has 19 VERBOS IRREGULARES en  PRESENTE.

  • In each box, you will find the verb in Spanish, escuchar, and its meaning in English, to listen.

  • The bottom U table is coloured in three different shades to differentiate the three different kinds of irregular verbs.

  • In the centre of the page, you will find the regular endings for the arer and ir verbs for each person in the colour-coded system:

  • You use the present tense to talk about habitsroutine and facts. It’s also used to describe something happening soon.


Los lunes voy al supermercado. I go to the supermarket on Mondays.

Lars vive en Suecia. Lars lives in Sweden. 

Mi vuelo sale a las 4:00 pm. My flight leaves at 4:00 pm.

(Yo) trabajo en una oficina. I work in an office. 

To form the Present tense is quite easy:

  •  Your Spanish Card has a top U table with 19 regular verbs. They end in –ar, -er and –ir.


hablar – to speak

comer – to eat

vivir – to live

  • Remove the infinitive endingar, –er or –ir. You are now left with the present stem: habl-, com-, viv-.

  • Finally, add the personal ending located in the centre of the card. The ending will depend on the type of verb it is, –ar, –er or –ir.

hablo  I speak

hablas – you speak

él/ella Ud. habl– he/she/you -formal- speaks

hablamos –we speak

habláis  – you speak (plural informal )

ellos / ellas hablan  – they speak

Use the table called FRECUENCIA on your table, to form complete personal sentences.

Remember to practise them out loud.


  • Irregular verbs in Spanish suffer some vowel changes when they are conjugated.

  • Your card displays three types of irregular verbs. The three different types are displayed in different colours.

  • Each irregular section begins with a table like this:

  • The green box indicates that the underlined e in the verb changes to ie when the verb is conjugated in the Present.

  • The yellow and purple coloured small squares in the box, indicate that you change the vowels in all the persons, except in those two colours which correspond to nosotros (we), and vosotros (you plural informal).


pensar –   to think

pienso – I think

piensas – you think

piensa – he/she thinks

pensamos – we think

pensáis – you think (plural informal)

piensan – they think

  • The second change is in the vowels o – ue. It follows the same rule as above, nosotros and vosotros don’t suffer any change.


encontrar – to find

encuentro – I find

encontramos – we find

encontráis – you find (plural informal)

  • The third irregular change happens in the vowels e – i. The same rule above applies to these irregular verbs.


pedir – to ask for

pido – I ask for

pedimos – we ask for

pedistéis – you ask for (plural informal)

You can practise the conjugation of these irregularities with some common verbs given in your card.

  • Some common verbs are only irregular in the first person yo, I.
  • This table displays 11 commonly used irregular verbs and the form conjugated in yo.

  • The rest of the persons are conjugated like a regular verb.


conocer – to know

(yo) conozco – I know

conoces – you know

conoce – he/she knows

conocemos – we know

conocéis – you know (plural informal)

conocen – they know

These two verbs are very common, so you should learn the conjugations very well.


  • The verb ir can be used as a verb and also as a helping verb when forming sentences in the future tense.


Voy al gimnasio todos los días. I go to the gym every day.

Jorge va al cine una vez al mes. Jorge goes to the cinema once a month. 

Hugo va a viajar en Mayo – Hugo is going to travel in May. (future meaning)


  • The verb estar means to be.

  • You use estar for location.


El restaurante está en la esquina. The restaurant is on the corner. 


  • It is also used for mood and physical condition. (Temporary states)


Estoy enfermo.  I’m sick

Estamos muy emocionados. We’re very excited. 


  • Estar is used to form the Present Progressive. 


¿Estáis escuchando? Are you listening?

  • This tense expresses that something is in progress.

  • It’s formed with the conjugated verb estar in present and with the endings –ando (ar verbs) and –iendo (er/ir verbs).

  • Remove the –ar, –er or –ir of the verb and add ando or iendo to the root.  This corresponds to ing in English.


estudiar – estudi + ando = estudiando (studying)

Estoy estudiando para mi examen. I’m studying for my exam.

vivir – viv + iendo = viviendo (living)

Franco está viviendo con sus abuelos. Franco is living with his grandparents.

comer – com + iendo = comiendo

David está comiendo sano. Davis is eating healthily. 

  • There’s a table below which shows some verbs in the progressive form. Note the changes that some of them suffer.


leer – leyendo (reading)

oir – oyendo (listening)

decir – diciendo (saying)

  • These words are  used to point to a person, thing, place or time. In English, they are the words: this, that, these, those.

  • M stands for masculine and F stands for the feminine. The first column displays them in the singular form, and the second column shows them in the plural form.


este – this


aquel – that – further away

estos – these

esos – those 

aquellos – those – further away


esta – this 

esa – that

aquella (that – further away)

estas, (these)

esas, (those)

aquellas (those – further away)



¿Me puedes pasar aquella bolsa negra?  Can you pass me that black bag?

Nunca olvidaré aquel día. I will never forget that day. (día is a masculine noun)

The main topic in this page is the Pretérito (Past Tense). This page has an upper and lower U table.

  • The upper U table contains 19 regular verbs.

  • The lower U table has  19 irregular verbs. (Divided into three irregularities)

In the centre of the page, you will find the regular endings for Pretérito for the –ar, –er and –ir verbs for each person in the colour-coded system:

  • Pretérito is used to express that an action in the past has been completed.


Compré dos boletos para el concierto. I bought two tickets for the concert.

Forming the Pretérito:

  • Check if your verb ends in: –ar, –er or –ir.


hablar – to speak

comer – to eat

vivir – to live

  • Remove –ar, –er or –ir and add the endings given in the table.

  • Note that er and ir verbs take the same endings.


hablar – habl + é = hablé (I spoke)

comer – com + í = comí (I ate)

vivir – viv + í = viví (I lived)

  • Use the EXPRESIONES PASADO table to add time expressions to your sentences.


The bottom U table in your card shows 15 different irregular verbs in Pretérito, divided into 4 different categories with 4 different colours.


The changes in these groups of verbs happen in the third person in singular and in the plural, él, ella, ellos, ellas, plus usted and ustedes because they’re conjugated as a third person.


For easy reference, the verbs are already conjugated for you.



pedirto ask for

pidió – he/she asked for

pidieron they, you (plural) asked for


  • The first group in colour coral shows some verbs that have a change in the vowels, from e to i.




  • The second group in blue shows some verbs that have a vowel change to a y.


leerto read

leyó (he/she read)


  • The third group in light orange colour shows a couple of verbs that have the vowel o changed into u.


  • The last group in pink shows a couple of verbs that need the e removed. They are normally –ir verbs. To conjugate, leave the last i and then add the ending:


sonreír – sonrí – sonr


  • Some irregular verbs in Spanish in Pretérito suffer some changes when they are conjugated in the first person singular, yo I.

  • Your card displays three types of irregularities. They are displayed in different colours.

  • Each irregular section begins with a table like this:

This box shows the change: gar – gué that occurs only in the first person singular yo (I). Conjugate the verb with the regular endings for Pretérito.


pagar –   to pay

pagué – I paid

pagaste – you paid

pagó – he/she paid

pagamos – we paid

pagasteis – you paid (plural informal)

pagaron– they paid

  • The second change is car – qué.  It follows the same rule as above, only the first person singular (yo) changes. Conjugate the verb like a regular verb.


tocar – to touch

toqué – I touched

tocamos– we touched

tocasteis – you touched (plural informal)

  • The third irregular change is zar – cé. The same rule applies to these irregular verbs as above, the change only happens to the first person in the singular. Conjugate the verb with the regular endings in Pretérito.


empezar– to start

empe – I started

empezamos – we started

empezasteis – you started (plural informal)

You can practise the conjugation of these irregularities with some common verbs given in your card.

These 12 irregular verbs should be studied thoroughly. The roots of the verbs are very irregular, and the endings are different from the regular endings in Pretérito.


poner – to put


puse – I put

puso – he/she put

pusimos – we put

pusieron – they put

querer – want


quise – I wanted

quiso – he/she wanted

quisimos – we wanted

quisieron – they wanted

  • The verbs that have an asterisk * beside it take the *eron conjugation for ellos (they), instead of ieron.


decir – to say


dije – I said

dijeron – they said

This table displays the conjugations of four very irregular and very common verbs in Pretérito:

ser/irdarpedir and hacer

  • Ser (to be) and ir (to go) have the same conjugation. The context should tell you which one is being referred to.


Ayer fui al supermercado. Yesterday I went to the supermarket.

Fui un buen estudiante en la secundaria. was a good student in secondary school.

This box shows the changes that these verbs suffer in the third person singular and plural.

  • The vowel i is changed to the letter y. The conjugation is formed like with the regular verbs.


leer – to read

leí – I read

leíste – you read

leyó – he/she read

leímos –we read

leíste – you read (informal plural)

leyeron – they read

  • Remember that the Direct Object is the part that’s affected directly by the verb in the sentence.


Compré flores. – I bought flowers. 

Carlos llamó a Luis. – Carlos called Luis.


  • The direct object pronoun substitutes the direct object. The pronoun goes before the verb when there’s only one verb in the sentence. The table shows the different pronouns coloured according to the person.

  •  Remember to pay attention to third persons in singular and plural. They can be either feminine or masculine singular.


Compré flores. – I bought flowers. (feminine noun)

Las compré. – I bought them.

Daniel compró chocolates. – Daniel bought chocolates. (masculine noun)

Daniel los compró or los compró Daniel. – Daniel bought them.


  • The Indirect Object is what’s affected by the verb in an indirect form.

  • The Indirect Object pronoun must be present in a sentence any time there’s an indirect object.


Le di las llaves a mi hermanoI gave the keys to my brother

Te escribí una carta. I wrote you a letter. 


  • If you want to substitute both the direct and indirect pronouns in the same sentence, the indirect object pronoun comes first.


Te escribí una carta. I wrote you a letter. 

Te la escribí. I wrote it for you

Mi mamá me mandó un email. My mom sent me an email. 

Mi mamá me lo mandó. My mom sent it to me.


  • When a sentence has one verb in infinitive and a conjugated verb, the direct object pronoun can be positioned before the conjugated verb or after the infinitive. It has to be connected to it.


Necesito leer este libro. I need to read this book. 

Lo necesito leer or necesito leerlo. I need to read it.


  • The same rule applies for the indirect object pronouns.


Le quiero enseñar esta foto a Oscar. / Quiero enseñarle esta foto a Oscar.  I want to show this photo to Oscar.


  • When the indirect object le or les (third person singular or plural) is combined with any direct object pronoun, le and les changes to se.


Le quiero enseñar esta foto a Oscar / Quiero enseñarle esta foto a Oscar.  I want to show this photo to Oscar.

Se la quiero enseñar.  / Quiero enseñársela.  I want to show it to him.

  • In Spanish, you place the word no before the conjugated verb to express the negative form.


No soy francés. Im not French. 

No hablo alemán. I don’t speak German.

No voy a viajar este año. I’m not going to travel this year.

  • To form the negative with the expressions nothing, no one, never, you need to use no as well.


No espero nadaI expect nothing.

No conozco a nadieI know no one. 

No tengo ni su número ni su dirección. I don’t have his number nor his address.

  • When you begin the sentence with never, nothing or no one, it’s not necessary to use no.


Nunca viajé a esa parte de Italia. I never travelled to that part of Italy. 

Jamás regresaré a ese restaurnte. I will never go back to that restaurant. 

Nadie me explicó las instrucciones. Nobody explained the instructions to me. 

  • This table displays the endings to form the Imperfecto for- ar and –er/ir verbs.

  • It also shows the three irregular verbs in Imperfecto.

  •  The Imperfect is a type of Past tense. It’s used to describe habits in the past. It expresses what people used to do. It also sets the scene in the past.


Cuando tenía 8 años, jugaba con mi perro Fido. When I was 8 years old, I used to play with my dog Fido.  

Lo recuerdo muy bien, era un día lluvioso, tú llevabas un abrigo marrón. I remember it very well, it was a rainy day, you were wearing a brown coat. 

  • To form the Imperfecto, you remove the –ar, –er/-ir ending of the verb, and add the endings given in the table. Remember that the colour coded system indicates which person it belongs to.


hablar, comer, vivir 

habl +

com +


hablaba – I spoke, I used to speak, I was speaking

comía – I ate, I used to eat, I was eating

vivía – I lived, I used to live, I was eating

  • Learn by heart the three irregular verbs in Imperfect: ser, ver, ir.

  • This table displays two ways to form the future.

  • The first one is formed by adding the future endings to the infinitive verbs. There’s one single ending for the  –ar, -er and –ir verbs.


hablar, comer, vivir +

hablaré – I will speak

comeremos – we will eat

vivirán – they will live

  • This type of future is not commonly used to express plans in the future. It’s sometimes used to express wonder or probability in the present tense. It’s also used to express a dream in the long term.


¿Estará pensando en mí? I wonder if he’s thinking about me.

Tendrá mucho tiempo libre. He probably has too much free time.

Viajaré por todo el mundo. I’ll travel all around the world.

  • The second form of the future is more common. It expresses plans and actions that will occur soon.

  • It’s formed by using the conjugated form of the verb ir in the present and the infinitive form of the verb.


Gabriel va a traer la comida. Gabriel s bringing the food.

Vamos a llegar temprano. We’re going to arrive early.

Vais a ir con nosotros? Are you going with us?

Voy a salirI’m going out.

Van a estudiar italiano. They’re going to study Italian.

No voy a desayunarI’m not having breakfast.

This table displays the endings needed to conjugate the verbs in Conditional.

  • Would is the form used in English for the Conditional. In Spanish, there’s no word for would, so you need to use the following endings to form it.

  • To form the Conditional, you need to add the endings on your table for the –ar, –er and –ir verbs in Infinitive.

hablar, comer, vivir +

hablaría – I would talk

comeríais – you would eat (plural informal) 

viviríamos– we would live 

This table shows the irregularities of some verbs in condicional and futuro.

  • Drop the last or i in the following verbs and add d.


salir –saldr- ( to go out, to leave)

tener – tendr– (to have)

valer – valdr– (to be worth, to cost)

venir – vendr– (to come)

  • Then add the endings for conjugating in condicional or in futuro.


saldré – I will go out

saldría –  I would

tendrás – you will have

tendrías – you would have

valdrá – it will cost

valdría – it would cost

vendremos – we will come

vendríamos – we would come

  • Drop the final vowel and add the endings for condicional and futuro.


caber – cabr– ( to fit)

cabrás, cabrías

querer – querr– (want)

querremos, querríamos

saber – sabr – (to know)

sabrán, sabrían

  • A special case with the irregular stem. The stem of these two verbs is very irregular, so it’s best to memorise it.


decir – dir

hacer – har

  • Then add the endings for Futuro and Condicional.


diré, diría I will say, I would say)

haré, haría (I will do, I would do)

This table shows 10 common endings in English that are very similar in Spanish.



arar espectacular spectacular

aryario(a) –  canary canario 

These verbs can be used with a verb without conjugation. Only the first verb is conjugated.



Querer comer

Quiero comer

Quieres comer

Quiere comer

Queremos comer

Queréis comer

Quieren comer

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