Your sister is such an interesting character. She’s witty, wise, warm and weird!
Hurry up; we’re very late. We need to get there as quickly as possible. Come on! You walk so slowly!
After, now, later, finally, however, then, next, suddenly.
The definite article tells you the word that is being referred to is specific: the
Pass me the magazine (a specific magazine).
The indefinite article tells you the word that is being referred to is general: a/an.
Pass me a magazine (any magazine).
My dog Fido (subject) ate (verb) my homework.
There are main clauses and subordinate clauses.
Tara ate all the cheesecake.
While she was watching the movie.
For the previous sentence to make sense, it needs the main clause:
Tara ate all the cheesecake while she was watching the movie.
You’ll save money if you stay. If you go, you’ll spend money, but you’ll have fun, and you’ll get to see your cousins.
Which biscuits do you want? These with cinnamon? Or those with coconut flakes?
Peter bought a house in Dublin.
Example without object pronouns:
Take these grapes, wash the grapes, and put the grapes in a bowl.
Example with object pronouns:
Take these grapes, wash them, and put them in a bowl.
At the crack of dawn.
The predicate explains what the subject of the sentence is doing. It contains a verb, and it can also have direct and indirect objects and various kinds of phrases.
An easy way to identify the predicate: it’s everything that goes after the subject.
The movie was very scary.
Jamie and Sean called to invite us to their graduation party.
I need to post these letters before 5:00 pm.
I’ll see you outside the bank beside the cinema on George’s Street at 5.00 pm sharp. Be there on time!
These are Brian’s clothes. This is his favourite jumper.
Example without possessive pronouns:
This pen is my pen, not your pen.
Example with possessive pronouns:
This pen is mine, not yours.
Untrue, disagree, mislead, impossible.
Example without pronouns:
Robert invited Mike and Paul to the concert.
Example with pronouns:
He invited them to the concert.
A sentence can have one clause or two or more clauses.
Henry (subject) buys (verb) a lotto ticket every weekend (complement).
Henry (subject) buys (verb) a lotto ticket every weekend (complement) but (conjunction) he (subject) hasn’t won (verb) anything so far (complement).
These pancakes are great with maple syrup.
What or who is being or doing something? These pancakes
My little brother won’t go to sleep unless he’s got his stuffed koala.
What or who is being or doing something? My little brother.
Example without subject pronouns:
Julian likes to play football, but Julian can’t play now because Julian is injured.
Example with subject pronouns:
Julian likes football, but he can’t play now because he is injured.
Sweetness, slowly, friendship, sharpen
I did all this by myself.
They brought it on themselves.
The bike that I bought last year was stolen.
The man who was standing there, is my best friend.
Mark went to the races.
She is not in a good mood now.
The verb tenses tell you when an action happened. Is it happening now? Will it happen tomorrow? Did it happen yesterday? Examples of verb tenses:
Simple Present Tense: It tells you what normally happens or about present facts.
Frank lives in Dublin.
Simple Past Tense: It tells you what happened before now.
I’m sorry I missed your call last night.
Simple Future Tense: It talks about what has not happened yet.
I‘ll call you when I get there.
Present Continuous: It can tell you that an action is happening now, that’s in progress or that it’s temporary in the present.
I‘m writing an essay.
It also expresses future plans. For example, Sheila is bringing the cake.
Past Continuous: It is used to describe the background of a story.
The music was playing, the kids were singing.
It also shows that an action was in progress and it was interrupted by another action.
I was having a wonderful dream when suddenly, the alarm went off, and I woke up.
Future Continuous: It’s used to express that an action will be in progress in the future.
I’ll be waiting for you.
Present Perfect Tense: It expresses an action or a state of being in the present that has some connection with the past.
Patty has worked in the same place for 15 years.
Past Perfect Tense: It tells you that an event in the past happened before another event.
By the time I got home, they had already eaten all the food.
Future Perfect Tense: It talks about something that has not happened yet in relation to another event in the future.
This time next week we will have already finished the exams.